A Guide to Autumn Budget 2018


Philip Hammond presented the Budget on 29 October 2018.

A summary of the main measures are:

Personal Allowance & Basic Rate Tax

From April 2019, the personal allowance will increase to £12,500 and the 20% basic rate tax band will increase to £50,000.

Dividend allowance

The tax-free dividend allowance is unchanged at £2,000.

Stamp Duty Land Tax: relief for first time buyers

The chancellor announced relief up to the value of £500,000 back-dating from 22 November 2017, so that those eligible who have not previously claimed first-time buyers’ relief will be able to amend their return to claim a refund. This measure does not apply in Scotland or Wales

Corporation tax

The corporation tax rate will remain at 19%.  

Annual investment allowance

Companies will be able to claim £1m as AIA for expenditure incurred from 1 January 2019 to 31 December 2020.

Structure and Building allowance

A relief of 2% will be available for expenditure on non-residential buildings, for which construction contracts are entered into after 29 October 2018. Qualifying costs relate to construction, improvement, conversion, including demolition costs and land alterations costs.

CGT letting relief and final period exemption

From April 2020 the government will reform lettings relief so that it only applies in circumstances where the owner of the property is in shared occupancy with the tenant. The final period exemption will also be reduced from 18 months to 9 months.

Making tax digital

There were no announcements on MTD. HMRC is aiming to introduce MTD for VAT in April 2019.

 VAT 2019/20 2018/19
  £ £
Standard rate 20% 20%
Registration threshold 85,000 85,000
Deregistration threshold 83,000 83,000

VAT thresholds as previously announced will remain unchanged.

Phoenix and insolvent companies

From 6 April 2020, the government will change the rules when a business enters insolvency HMRC will be a preferential creditor. It has also announced that directors and other persons involved in tax avoidance, evasion or phoenixism will be jointly and severally liable for company tax liabilities. 

Business rates

The threshold for Small Business Rate Relief (SBRR) has been raised to include properties with a rateable value of up to £51,000. The Treasury has announced that the bills of those below this threshold will be reduced by a third, starting from April 2019 for a period of two years.


SMEs will now only pay 5% towards the cost of an apprentice’s training costs, down from the previous 10% co-investment rate. This change is expected to come into effect from April 2019.

Taxation of trusts

The taxation of trusts will be subject to a consultation and review.


From 1 April 2020, the amount of payable R&D tax credit that a qualifying loss-making company can receive in any tax year will be restricted to three times the company’s total PAYE and NICs liability for that year.


The Nil-rate band remains at £325,000. The residence nil-rate band for deaths in the following tax years will be:

  • £100,000 in 2017 to 2018     £125,000 in 2018 to 2019
  • £150,000 in 2019 to 2020     £175,000 in 2020 to 2021

Interest relief for landlords

Landlords will be able to obtain relief as follows:

                                                Finance cost allowed in full                Finance cost allowed at basic rate

Year to 5 April 2018                75%                                                                 25%

Year to 5 April 2019                50%                                                                 50%

Year to 5 April 2020                25%                                                                 75%

Year to 5 April 2021                0%                                                                   100% 


The chancellor announced the extension of IR35 to the public sector. It has been recognised with issues with CEST and recent cases that changes require further thought with a resulting implementation date of April 2020. The reform will apply to large and medium sized businesses.


From 1 April 2018 the charges for the annual tax on enveloped dwellings (ATED) will be increased by 3%. Returns for 2018/19 are to be filed electronically.

  2019/20 2017/18
  £ £
Annual Tax on Enveloped Dwellings (ATED)  
More than £0.5m but not more than £1m 3,500 3,600  
More than £1m but not more than £2m 7,050 7,250  
More than £2m but not more than £5m 23,350 24,250  
More than £5m but not more than £10m 54,450 56,550  
More than £10m but not more than £20m 110,100 113,400  
More than £20m 220,350 226,950  


Employment allowance reform

From April 2020, this will be limited to employers with an employer NICs bill below £100,000 in the previous tax year.

Entrepreneurs’ Relief

Legislation will be introduced in Finance Bill 2018-19 for disposal made on or after 6 April 2019, to increases this minimum period throughout which certain conditions must be met to be eligible for Entrepreneurs Relief from one year to two years.

Naddeo Chartered Certified Accountants